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Department of Hydro Power Development
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Related areas of expertise.

In addition to these areas of applied psychology, organizational psychology , because of their problems in contact with a number of related sciences. Each of these disciplines uses its own methodology to the problem of explaining and predicting behavior in organizational psychology makes a contribution on many important issues . General psychology - the science of the general laws , mechanisms, and the facts of mental life . As a fundamental scientific discipline it is examining issues of methodology and theory of psychology in general . However, the boundaries that separate the general psychology of the other sections, clearly delineated . J. Chaplin and T. Kravek are three broad areas of theoretical problems that undoubtedly are important for organizational psychology. First, is still under debate about whether psychology purely public or purely natural science. This dispute is accompanied by informative extensive philosophical and methodological evidence will largely depend on the position of the dispute . Second, some see psychology as a nomothetic science, aimed at establishing general laws and principles governing the behavior and mental processes . Others defend the ideographic view that the focus should be on achieving maximum understanding of specific events or specific individuals.

Thirdly , there is still a matter of debate whether the psychology of concentrating the focus on the study of the behavior or its main interest should be recognized understanding of internal processes that determine the activity of the human intellect. Despite the differences , psychologists all directions agree that the most important determinants of behavior are motivation and learning. Under the motivation in the most general sense, refers to the mental processes that act as the cause of observed behavior . Most psychologists , in one way or another learning motivation processes , trying to explain the differences in the force with which people act , and understand why they follow whatever behaviors . Equally important is the learning process , by which is meant a continuous change and adaptation of behavior in time . One of the distinguishing characteristics of psychology - its emphasis on the science of behavior. Scientists are trying to understand the behavior , based on a rational , meaningful cause-and- effect relationship . Of course , this goal is not always achieved , and there are differences in how psychologists in different directions trying to solve this problem.

The contribution of general psychological knowledge in organizational psychology , of course, is not limited to the concepts of learning and motivation , including numerous theories, concepts and patterns , which are widely used organizational psychologists. Social psychology - the branch of psychology that studies the behavior and activities of the people due to the fact of their inclusion in social groups , as well as the psychological characteristics of these groups. The main problems of modern social psychology, organizational psychology interesting , connected with the study of patterns of communication and human interaction mechanisms for the transfer of social experience , the characteristics of large and small social groups , as well as to the study of social and psychological characteristics of the individual basis and conditions for the formation of social identity of the individual and the group. Sociology - the science of society as a whole system and of certain social institutions , processes, and groups considered in their relation to the social whole . There are several views on this science and its problems . Some scientists believe that it is designed to study the interaction of people. So , interactionism focuses on the interactions between individuals and groups , in which folded and modified relatively stable social structures and institutions . Others believe that sociology - the study of the behavior of the masses. Others under this science understand the systematic study of social identities created to achieve some goals. Thus, structural functionalism highlights the principle of integrity and integration of the social system and explains the particular phenomena of functions which are performed as part of the whole.

The term "sociology " was proposed by the French philosopher Auguste Comte , who believed that the transition from the philosophical reflections on the human being to a scientific study of the facts of human life will make the community more sustainable . For a long time, sociology developed in two parallel first and almost unrelated to each other directions - theoretical and practical . Theoretical sociology tried to reconstruct the major phases of historical evolution and at the same time to describe the structure of society. Depending on what kind of social life attached to the side of the greatest importance in this science stood several different directions. Geographical School of the main factors of social development accentuated the impact of the geographical environment , population - population growth, anthropological - heredity, social Darwinism - the struggle for existence. Since the beginning of the XX century , widespread , some varieties of psychological sociology - instinktivizm , behaviorism , introspectionist explanations of social life in terms of desires , feelings , interests, ideas, etc. In addition to attempts to explain social life in terms of individual psychology theory emerged , highlight the start a collective plan , as well as the processes themselves and the forms of social interaction .

The need for information about the material and human resources needed for management purposes , has led to the emergence of an empirical sociology. These studies not only introduced into circulation new facts , but also helped to improve their methods of data collection and analysis. Were the fundamentals of sociological statistics , there were centers of social research. As a result of intense professionalization and specialization of sociology has taken a central place in the social sciences. Along with the collection of empirical data and its theoretical interpretation of this science carries prognostic and application functions as public , and organizational levels. Sociologists see in the organization, above all, bring people with different roles , status, and power. Interests sociologists are extremely broad , and therefore in their studies , they used a variety of methods , including a rather sophisticated experimental techniques . Anthropology - in the broadest sense of the science , the central object of study of which is man. One of the goals of anthropology , to achieve a deeper understanding of the relationship between the individual and culture. In this context, anthropologists consider culture as a set of adaptive processes , including the ideas shared by a group of individuals , and the language in which these ideas are transmitted .

According to anthropologists , the culture - a system of acquired behavior. The specificity of this science is that it examines the human in vivo , so anthropologists argue that their laboratory - is the whole world . Knowledge of anthropology is also necessary for the understanding of psychology and human behavior in organizations . The notion that human behavior is a function of their culture , the data about the fundamental differences in the value orientations and attitudes are an invaluable aid organizational psychologists, managers and professionals working in multinational organizational environment . Getting acquainted with the research of anthropologists , they may with greater objectivity and depth of understanding cultural differences among their employees and better predict their behavior.

Political science. Many researchers underestimate the potential of political science for organizational psychology. Specialists, political scientists are studying the behavior of individuals and groups in the political context , which includes not only the policy in the broad sense , is external determinant of society as a whole and its individual members , but the organization itself as a political system . So issues developed in political science , as conflict resolution , the sources of power, its accumulation and distribution are for organizational psychology is extremely relevant. Making organizational psychology as an independent scientific discipline

 

 

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